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Russian Intelligence Hackers Are Again, Microsoft Warns, Aiming at Officers of Each Events

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The Russian army intelligence unit that attacked the Democratic Nationwide Committee 4 years in the past is again with a chain of recent, extra stealthy hacks geared toward marketing campaign team of workers, experts and suppose tanks related to each Democrats and Republicans.

That caution used to be issued on Thursday via the Microsoft Company, in an evaluate this is way more detailed than any but made public via American intelligence businesses.

The findings come at some point after a central authority whistle-blower claimed that officers on the White Space and the Division of Native land Safety suppressed intelligence relating to Russia’s proceeding interference as it “made the president glance dangerous,” and advised govt analysts to as an alternative focal point on interference via China and Iran.

Microsoft did to find that Chinese language and Iranian hackers were lively — however regularly no longer in the best way that President Trump and his aides have instructed.

Opposite to an evaluate via the director of nationwide intelligence closing month that mentioned China most well-liked former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. win the election, Microsoft discovered that Chinese language hackers were attacking the non-public e mail accounts of Mr. Biden’s marketing campaign team of workers, along side a variety of different outstanding people in academia and the nationwide safety established order, together with teams just like the Atlantic Council and the Stimson Heart.

Particularly, most effective one of the vital Chinese language objectives detected via Microsoft used to be affiliated with Mr. Trump, a former management professional whom Microsoft declined to call.

Corporations like Microsoft and Google, as a result of they sit down atop world networks, have a front-seat view of suspicious job, and lengthening motivation to make it public to warn their shoppers. The end result, inevitably, is a tumble of news from the non-public sector, which govt intelligence officers shall be compelled to evaluate, along side their very own findings.

The Biden marketing campaign mentioned it used to be “conscious about studies from Microsoft {that a} international actor has made unsuccessful makes an attempt to get admission to the noncampaign e mail accounts of people affiliated with the marketing campaign,” and used to be making ready for the inevitable onslaught of assaults within the coming weeks. Whilst it didn’t ascertain the corporate’s reporting, it has taken factor with the director of nationwide intelligence’s evaluate, issued a number of weeks in the past, that Chinese language leaders want Mr. Biden over Mr. Trump. The Trump marketing campaign didn’t right away reply to requests for remark.

The Microsoft investigation additionally concluded that hackers associated with Russia’s G.R.U., the army intelligence unit that oversaw the “hack and leak” campaigns in 2016 that made emails from Hillary Clinton’s marketing campaign public, goes to new lengths to cover its tracks. It’s routing a few of its assaults via Tor, a provider that conceals the attackers’ whereabouts and id, which slowed the trouble to spot the hackers.

Thus far, Microsoft officers mentioned they discovered no proof that hacking efforts this yr had been a hit, however company officers famous that they have got restricted imaginative and prescient into Russia’s total operations. They can’t say definitively that no fabrics had been stolen, or what Russia’s motivations is also. That, they mentioned, used to be the position of U.S. intelligence officers.

Microsoft’s findings come simply two weeks after the director of nationwide intelligence, John Ratcliffe, declared that he would now not let intelligence businesses give detailed, in-person briefings about election interference to Congress. He mentioned the limitations had been on account of leaks.

In a remark, Christopher Krebs, who directs the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Safety Company on the Division of Native land Safety, mentioned, “We’re conscious that Microsoft detected makes an attempt to compromise e mail accounts of other people and organizations related to the impending election.”

Mr. Krebs famous that “none are eager about keeping up or running vote casting infrastructure and there used to be no known have an effect on on election techniques.” He additionally mentioned that the corporate’s “announcement is in line with previous statements via the intelligence neighborhood on a variety of malicious cyberactivities concentrated on the 2020 marketing campaign and reinforces that that is an all-of-nation effort to shield democracy.”

Mr. Krebs, who used to be a Microsoft govt earlier than becoming a member of the Trump management, mentioned his company used to be liberating on Thursday “steerage for making improvements to cyberdefenses in opposition to account compromise assaults.”

There is not any query that Microsoft’s evaluate complicates the management’s narrative that China poses a graver risk to U.S. elections than Russia, as each the nationwide safety adviser, Robert C. O’Brien, and Legal professional Basic William P. Barr mentioned in interviews closing week.

In truth, the document concludes that the Russian army intelligence unit has most effective sped up its assaults, even after a chain of monetary sanctions, indictments of Russian intelligence officials and retaliatory cyberstrikes via the USA Cyber Command forward of the 2018 midterm elections.

Microsoft’s researchers concluded that the G.R.U. hacking unit — however referred to as Fancy Endure, APT 28 or Strontium to other business researchers — has been aggressively hacking the non-public e mail accounts of American politicians, campaigns team of workers individuals and experts on all sides of the aisle.

In simply the 2 weeks between Aug. 18 and Sept. 3, the crowd centered 6,912 e mail accounts at 28 organizations, obfuscating their assaults via Tor.

Microsoft’s discovering that it’s Mr. Biden — no longer Mr. Trump — whom Chinese language hackers are concentrated on additionally complicates a story driven via the White Space that China is meddling within the 2020 election to lend a hand the previous vp’s marketing campaign.

Whilst the Biden marketing campaign mentioned it will no longer remark at the specifics of the Microsoft findings, it disputed the American intelligence evaluate, arguing that China’s desire within the election used to be transparent: the re-election of Mr. Trump.

“There are very evident causes China’s management would favor 4 extra years of President Trump,” mentioned Antony J. Blinken, Mr. Biden’s longtime international coverage adviser and a former deputy secretary of state. “He’s helped China advance its maximum vital strategic objectives: weakening American alliances; leaving a vacuum on this planet for China to fill; giving Beijing a inexperienced mild to trample human rights in Xinjiang and democracy in Hong Kong; and debasing our personal democracy and so lowering its attraction.”

“He additionally publicly echoed their propaganda downplaying Covid-19 whilst privately admitting how bad it used to be,” he mentioned. “All of this advantages China on the expense of our country.”

These days, there are sharp and telling variations between the Russians and the Chinese language.

China’s hacking of Mr. Biden’s marketing campaign seems to be an strive at usual espionage, very similar to its 2008 hacking of the presidential applicants John McCain and Barack Obama, when Chinese language spies hacked inside place papers and emails of most sensible marketing campaign advisers for each applicants. Microsoft’s findings echo the ones of Google researchers closing Might, who made up our minds that the similar Chinese language team used to be concentrated on Mr. Biden’s marketing campaign.

“China’s intent will not be to form the end result of the election however to know the place Biden’s coverage positions are,” mentioned Thomas P. Bossert, Mr. Trump’s first place of origin safety adviser. “China obviously thinks it’s value making an investment money and time in the opportunity of a Biden victory.”

Microsoft additionally mentioned Thursday that Iran’s hackers have endured to focus on Mr. Trump’s marketing campaign, as the corporate first warned closing October, albeit with restricted luck. Microsoft has controlled to take regulate of 155 of the internet domain names that Iran is the use of for its assaults.

However Iran has remained chronic. Between Might and June, in keeping with Microsoft investigators, Iran’s hackers went into overdrive looking to ruin into the non-public e mail accounts of Trump management officers and marketing campaign officers, it seems that with out luck.

Relating to sophistication, safety researchers overwhelmingly say it’s Russia’s G.R.U. hackers that pose the gravest risk.

“More than one cyberespionage actors are concentrated on organizations related to the impending election, however we stay maximum fascinated by Russian army intelligence, who we consider poses the best risk to the U.S. democratic procedure,” mentioned John Hultquist, director of intelligence research at FireEye, which has labored with each events. “The G.R.U. automatically violates global norms and has no longer been dissuaded via indictments and different makes an attempt to halt their malicious job.”

Simply earlier than Microsoft’s announcement on Thursday, the Treasury Division introduced new sanctions on 3 Russians and a member of Ukraine’s Parliament — who used to be described as a Russian agent — for his or her efforts to persuade the impending election.

“Russia has used a variety of affect strategies and actors to focus on our electoral procedure, together with concentrated on U.S. presidential applicants,” the dept mentioned in a remark.

However the whistle-blower grievance made public on Wednesday, with its allegation that federal intelligence analysts had been instructed to edit out references to Russian interference, has put the integrity of the federal government’s personal tests unsure. The grievance says that closing Might, Mr. O’Brien advised Chad Wolf, the performing secretary of place of origin safety, to forestall offering intelligence tests on the specter of Russian interference and document as an alternative on China and Iran.

Intelligence officers privately warned the White Space and lawmakers in February that Russia used to be actively running to re-elect Mr. Trump and divide Democrats via supporting Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont. The Trump management has contended that it’s been tricky on Russia, in spite of Mr. Trump’s refusal to criticize President Vladimir V. Putin, and the Trump management’s newest efforts to downplay Moscow’s contemporary interference..

For 2 years now, Mr. Trump has been unwilling to steer conferences on election safety associated with Russia. In April, 2019 The New York Occasions reported that Kirstjen Nielsen, then the place of origin safety secretary, used to be advised to not dangle conferences in Mr. Trump’s presence describing the troubles about renewed Russian interference. Ms. Nielsen used to be quickly compelled to renounce.





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TikTok Accepts Deal Revisions as Trump Prepares to Evaluate Proposal

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WASHINGTON — The Chinese language corporate that owns TikTok has permitted the Trump management’s adjustments to a deal designed to mitigate the White Space’s issues that the preferred app poses a countrywide safety danger, two folks with wisdom of the talks stated.

The Treasury Division, which leads a bunch reviewing the deal for nationwide safety functions, supplied TikTok’s proprietor, ByteDance, with revisions to its proposal on Wednesday, one of the most folks stated. Probably the most revisions had been meant to handle how TikTok’s information and supply code could be treated and secured, one of the most folks stated. The 2 facets have agreed in concept, however are nonetheless discussing some technical main points, the opposite particular person stated.

The precise possession construction of TikTok beneath the proposed deal is unclear. President Trump and a few participants of his management have stated ByteDance can’t retain a majority stake in TikTok if their issues are to be glad. Oracle, the Silicon Valley industry instrument maker, is set to be a generation spouse for TikTok whilst taking an possession stake within the app, however would no longer personal it outright, folks with wisdom of the location have stated.

Any answer on possession may contain some tough math. The proportion of TikTok owned via non-American pursuits is dependent in part on how officers deal with the portion of ByteDance, a privately held corporate, this is already sponsored via American traders, one particular person stated.

TikTok would additionally pass public on an American inventory marketplace in a few 12 months if the deal went via, the individual stated. Whilst that plan isn’t a proper a part of the proposal being vetted via the federal government, it’s one thing the Trump management is acutely aware of, the individual stated.

The deal nonetheless calls for approval from Mr. Trump. As of early Thursday afternoon, the president had no longer been briefed on it. One particular person acquainted with the deliberations stated the assembly had no longer been scheduled however would occur “quickly.”

An government order signed via Mr. Trump necessarily mandates that TikTok strike a deal to promote its U.S. operations via Sunday or chance having all of its business transactions halted in the US. TikTok has become some degree of competition between the US and China, that have increasingly more battled over industry, safety and tech dominance.

Some Republican lawmakers, akin to Senators Marco Rubio of Florida, Thom Tillis of North Carolina and John Cornyn of Texas, have criticized any deal that would depart ByteDance in keep an eye on of TikTok’s code or algorithms as insufficient in addressing nationwide safety issues. That has raised questions of whether or not Mr. Trump may face complaint for the Oracle-TikTok proposal whilst working for re-election.

TikTok and a spokeswoman for the Treasury Division declined to remark. Oracle didn’t in an instant reply to a request for remark. ByteDance’s acceptance of the Treasury Division’s adjustments to its proposal was once reported previous via Bloomberg. The plan to take TikTok public was once previous reported via CNBC.

Whilst speeding to protected a deal, TikTok could also be trying to find an everlasting leader government to interchange Kevin Mayer, who resigned in overdue August, bringing up the converting political pressures of the function. Vanessa Pappas, the overall supervisor of TikTok in North The united states, took over for the time being.

Amongst the ones whom TikTok has talked to in regards to the process is Kevin Systrom, a founder and previous leader government of Instagram, folks briefed at the subject stated. Talks are initial, and no ultimate selections had been made, they stated.

The events to a deal be expecting to call an American leader government of the brand new TikTok entity, one particular person acquainted with the subject stated.

Mr. Systrom left Instagram, which Fb owns, in 2018. He didn’t reply to a request for touch upon Thursday.

David McCabe and Ana Swanson reported from Washington, and Erin Griffith and Mike Isaac from San Francisco.

This can be a growing tale. Take a look at again for updates.



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One Circle of relatives’s Far flung-Faculty Story – The New York Instances

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This text is a part of the On Tech e-newsletter. You’ll be able to join right here to obtain it weekdays.

Digital faculty goes higher for Valerie Cruz and her son Brian now than it did remaining spring. It’s nonetheless no longer simple.

She and Brian, who began 7th grade this week, are now not looking to do paintings and faculty sharing a unmarried computer and smartphone as they did a couple of months in the past. Brian’s faculty, Immaculate Conception within the Bronx, resumed with are living on-line instruction as an alternative of the self-guided courses from the remaining faculty yr. His lecturers are in consistent contact.

Many faculties, lecturers and oldsters are higher ready for faraway instruction this autumn than they had been within the pandemic panic of the spring. It’s nonetheless a crisis for plenty of, tough even in the most efficient of cases and unmanageable for some households, together with the ones who’re homeless or can’t get admission to dependable web provider.

Cruz is balancing her hope, anxiousness and private demanding situations that make faraway finding out more difficult. She is a unmarried mother with a full-time activity out of the home, and he or she needed to scrimp to shop for web provider at house.

Like many oldsters, Cruz is coping with a difficult scenario and making it paintings. She stated that the varsity have been supportive, and that Brian appreciated the independence of on-line finding out. She feels another way.

“I’m no longer keen on it,” she instructed me. “I believe like he’s lacking a large number of the socialization that he must have and the regimen.”

When faculty resumed, Brian’s parochial faculty gave households a collection of in-person categories or finding out from house. Cruz stated that she and Brian have well being prerequisites that put them extra in peril from the coronavirus, in order that they opted for digital. Individuals who selected faraway instruction wanted to stay with it for a minimum of one quarter of the varsity yr.

Cruz stated many stuff had been going smartly to this point. In the course of the New York Training Division and the varsity, she were given an iPad and computer for Brian to make use of for on-line video categories and his magnificence paintings. Folks were given a run-through of the curriculum for the semester, and he or she dropped by means of faculty remaining week to select up textbooks. Lecturers are preserving digital “place of work hours” for one-on-one time with scholars who aren’t there in consumer.

None of that came about within the spring, when scholars labored on assignments on their very own and posted them to Google Lecture room.

And now, a minimum of, Cruz has web provider — even though that was once a slog. She stated she hadn’t wanted web provider at house, after which abruptly did when each her activity and Brian’s faculty went faraway within the spring. She piggybacked on a pal’s provider for awhile or used her telephone to offer web, however the connections had been spotty.

Cruz stated she attempted to name for discounted web provider for households, however she couldn’t get by way of. She’s scale back on different bills to shop for a $135-a-month package deal of web, telephone and TV provider.

Cruz stated she was once hopeful concerning the new faculty yr, but additionally nervous. She is again running within the place of work of a imaginative and prescient well being care group a part of the week, and he or she’s apprehensive about Brian staying on activity when she’s no longer house. She sees his lecturers running exhausting, however is worried that they’ll burn out.

“They’re doing an exquisite activity with what they’ve,” Cruz stated. With out extra money and manpower, “it’s exhausting to look find out how to make that higher.”

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There’s such a lot knowledge fired at us each day about what’s going down in our global — a large number of it just right, a few of it twisted or false. It’s tough to be an educated consumer.

The New York Instances began a function referred to as Day by day Distortions by which our newshounds debunk and upload context to incorrect information that has unfold on-line. It’s useful!

I noticed previous this week what gave the look to be a hectic document on Fb {that a} guy with a Molotov cocktail had prompt the wildfires which can be devastating portions of Oregon. It seems, NOPE.

My colleague Kevin Roose walks by way of what was once true and no longer. Quick model: There was once a person with a Molotov cocktail who was once suspected of surroundings a number of small fires, however the fires had been put out temporarily and didn’t purpose any harm. This guy wasn’t why the wildfires began.

The false knowledge countered the truth that the reasons of wildfires come with local weather exchange, which makes puts warmer and drier.

(Aspect word: Have you ever observed the TikTok movies of a firefighter explaining the truth in the back of improper theories concerning the wildfires?)

Different pieces within the Day by day Distortions function already: A Twitter account that started as a parody switched right into a hub for false knowledge concerning the wildfires within the West. And Fb and Instagram flagged clips of a Fox Information display that repeated false details about the origins of the coronavirus.

For extra studying in this matter, I discovered this column from June to be an invaluable information to comparing the tips we see on-line. And my colleague Jessica Grose this week wrote about what to do when fellow oldsters proportion falsehoods on social media. Empathy, openness and kindness are key. (To the entirety in existence, truly.)

This is one thing else to stay us knowledgeable: Will the pandemic completely inject extra generation into well being care, and what does that imply for our smartly being? The Instances is internet hosting a digital tournament lately at 2:30 p.m. Jap time to wade into telemedicine, the privateness of our well being knowledge, the way forward for Medicare bills and extra. You’ll be able to reserve a place right here.


  • Well being knowledge isn’t all the time helpful: Is it helpful for other folks to steadily measure their blood oxygen saturation — a function new to the Apple Watch and in another sensible watches? Most likely no longer for many wholesome other folks, my colleague Brian X. Chen wrote after asking clinical professionals. He defined when the function could be helpful now or function fodder for long term well being analysis, and when it would make us unnecessarily nervous.

  • Amazon is coming on your group: I’ve written sooner than about Amazon opening extra products warehouses and supply stations as regards to huge inhabitants facilities to make speedier deliveries. Bloomberg Information detailed Amazon’s suburban enlargement, and described one the town this is happy to have Amazon transfer in however is concerned about clogging group streets with supply trucks.

  • A demise sentence by means of a Zoom courtroom: Nigeria is grappling with whether or not digital courts may also be honest, the generation information newsletter Remainder of Global wrote. Some legal professionals and felony advocates within the nation say a person who was once issued a demise sentence in an ordeal over Zoom didn’t get all of the felony choices that may were to be had in an in-person trial.

A tweet from my colleague forced me to have a look at photograph after photograph of Valais Blacknose sheep. I’m now obsessive about the patches of black wool on their knees.


We need to pay attention from you. Let us know what you bring to mind this article and what else you’d like us to discover. You’ll be able to achieve us at ontech@nytimes.com.

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The New Apple Watch Measures Your Blood Oxygen. Now What?

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The new Apple Watch may also be summed up in two phrases: blood oxygen.

The facility to measure your blood’s oxygen saturation — an total indicator of wellness — is probably the most vital new characteristic within the Apple Watch Collection 6, which used to be unveiled this week and turns into to be had on Friday. (The watch is differently no longer that other from ultimate yr’s Apple watch.) The characteristic is especially well timed with the coronavirus, as a result of some sufferers in crucial situation with Covid-19 have had low blood oxygen ranges.

However how helpful is this selection for all folks, actually?

I had an afternoon to check the brand new $399 Apple Watch to measure my blood oxygen degree. The method used to be easy: You open the blood oxygen app at the software, stay your wrist stable and hit the Get started button. After 15 seconds, throughout which a sensor at the again of the watch measures your blood oxygen degree through shining lighting fixtures onto your wrist, it displays your studying. In 3 exams, my blood oxygen degree stood between 99 % and 100 %.

I wasn’t somewhat certain what to do with this knowledge. So I requested two scientific mavens in regards to the new characteristic. Each had been cautiously positive about its attainable advantages, particularly for analysis. The facility to repeatedly track blood oxygen ranges with a point of accuracy, they stated, may just assist other people uncover signs for fitness prerequisites like sleep apnea.

“Steady recording of information may also be actually attention-grabbing to peer traits,” stated Cathy A. Goldstein, a nap doctor on the College of Michigan’s Medication Sleep Health center, who has researched information gathered through Apple Watches.

However for the general public who’re slightly wholesome, measuring blood oxygen on an on a regular basis foundation might be far more knowledge than we want. Ethan Weiss, a heart specialist on the College of California, San Francisco, stated he used to be involved that blood oxygen readings may just breed nervousness in other people and make them take useless exams.

“It may be certain and unfavorable,” he cautioned. “It will stay other people out of medical doctors’ workplaces and at house and provides them reassurance, however it will additionally create a large number of nervousness.”

That’s essential to keep in mind as good watches achieve new health-monitoring options that give us details about ourselves that we need to work out tips on how to use. When the Apple Watch Collection 4 presented {an electrical} middle sensor for other people to take electrocardiograms in 2018, it used to be helpful for other people with identified middle prerequisites to watch their fitness — however medical doctors warned that it used to be additionally a novelty that are meant to no longer be used to leap to conclusions or for other people to self-diagnose middle assaults or different prerequisites.

And so, right here we’re once more.

A wholesome individual will typically have blood oxygen ranges within the mid- to top 90s. When other people have fitness prerequisites equivalent to lung illness, sleep issues or respiration infections, ranges can dip to the 60s to the low 90s, Dr. Goldstein stated.

If you purchase the Apple Watch and feature get entry to to details about your blood oxygen ranges always, it’s essential to have a framework for serious about the information. Most significantly, you will have a number one care doctor with whom you’ll percentage the measurements so as to position it into context together with your total fitness, like your age and pre-existing prerequisites, Dr. Goldstein stated.

Fairly wholesome other people can perform a little sensible issues with the information to enhance wellness. In case your workout routines are falling aside and your blood oxygen studying occurs to be decrease, too, make some small changes to behaviors like your nutrition and spot if that makes a distinction.

However in the case of scientific recommendation and analysis, at all times defer to a health care provider. For those who understand a large dip on your blood oxygen degree, it’s not essentially a explanation why to panic, and also you must communicate on your physician to come to a decision whether or not to analyze. And if in case you have signs of sickness, equivalent to fever or a cough, a regular blood oxygen studying shouldn’t be a explanation why to skip chatting with a scientific skilled, Dr. Goldstein stated.

Let a scientific professional — no longer your watch — create the motion plan.

Blood oxygen tracking is also extra helpful for people who find themselves already identified to have fitness issues, Dr. Weiss stated. As an example, if anyone with a historical past of middle failure noticed decrease saturation ranges of their blood oxygen throughout workout, that knowledge might be shared with a health care provider, who may just then adjust the remedy plan.

The ideas is also used to decide whether or not a ill individual must cross to the medical institution. “If a affected person known as me and stated, ‘I’ve Covid and my oxygen degree is at 80 %,’ I’d say, ‘Move to the medical institution,”’ Dr. Weiss stated.

Finally, fitness information by itself isn’t straight away helpful, and we need to come to a decision tips on how to make the most efficient use of the ideas. Apple doesn’t counsel what to do or tips on how to really feel in regards to the knowledge, simply as a rest room scale doesn’t let you know you’re obese and provide you with a nutrition plan.

For those who to find that the information makes you extra apprehensive, you’ll want to merely disable the characteristic, Dr. Goldstein stated.

However despite the fact that blood oxygen size sounds gimmicky nowadays, it’s essential to stay an open thoughts about how new health-monitoring applied sciences may benefit us someday. Each Dr. Goldstein and Dr. Weiss pointed to sleep apnea as a space the place wearable computer systems may benefit other people. The situation, which reasons respiring issues throughout sleep, impacts hundreds of thousands of American citizens, however the general public by no means know that they have got it.

It’s a bit of of a catch-22. For those who had signs of sleep apnea, which come with decrease blood oxygen ranges, your physician would order a take a look at. However you most likely wouldn’t catch the indications whilst you had been asleep, so a find out about would by no means be ordered.

The Apple watch will periodically measure your blood oxygen degree within the background, together with if you end up asleep. So if we acquire information about ourselves whilst we’re napping, we would possibly uncover one thing unknown about ourselves — or no longer.

“Till we begin doing it, we don’t know whether or not or no longer this knowledge may also be precious,” Dr. Goldstein stated.



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